What you need to know if you have a dry mouth
What is a dry mouth and how to recognize itHaving a dry mouth can happen to anyone, but seniors and women are the most affected. It is normal to have a dry mouth when waking in the morning or during a sports activity but if the problem persists, we talk about an abnormally dry mouth that may be due to stress, teeth problem, medication, bad hydration in addition to other factors. For each problem there is a solution.
There are several signs that you have an abnormally dry mouth:
- The risk of caries and gingivitis increases because saliva provides natural protection against bacteria. It also increases the risk of injury in the mouth, resulting in a feeling of discomfort.
- Bad breath and difficulty speaking, swallowing and alteration of taste.
- Irritation of the tongue associated with sensations of burns and sore throats.
- Increased thirst.
- Saliva become thick and tough.
- Crankiness in lips.
- A sticky, dry feeling in the mouth.
Why did my mouth become dry?Your mouth has become dry recently? It may be due to medication: If you take a drug (antihistamines, antidepressants, diuretics, some analgesics, anxiolytics, etc.), check the list of side effects if the dryness of the mucous membranes is mentioned, and if it is the case, discuss it with your doctor. Even if the medication is the main cause, other factors can lead to dry mouth including: Aging: The older we get, the more our salivary glands weaken causing a decrease in salivary secretion. Prolonged intake of certain drugs associated with poor eating habits have adverse effects on our health especially our mouth. Life style: Drinking alcohol and smoking or chewing tobacco. General diseases or infections such as Sjögren's syndrome, AIDS, problems related to the nerves of the head or neck, kidney disease, diabetes or Alzheimer. Given the diversity of causes, the opinion of a health professional is necessary. In addition to the discomfort, the dry mouth can lead to other complications...
What are the complications of dry mouthSaliva is an important component of the mouth, it protects us against aggressive bacteria capable of triggering cavities and gum disease, it also helps us to digest and taste food. A lack of saliva can therefore deprive us of the pleasure of enjoying our favorite dishes. A lack of saliva can also lead to oral infections and sores in the mouth that are the result of the development of virulent bacteria in the mouth. Lack of saliva can also lead to halitosis or bad breath that can impact confidence and self-esteem.
Prevention and treatment of dry mouthIf you want to prevent dry mouth, consider improving your lifestyle by stopping tobacco, alcohol that can worsen the symptoms. Drink enough water daily to moisten your mouth and place a humidifier in your bedroom to reduce discomfort at night. 60% of our body is composed of water, it is the main need of our organism, so privilege foods rich in water such as vegetables, fruits and cereals not only for the oral health but also for your well-being. Avoid desiccant foods such as coffee, tea, chocolate and energy drinks. It is also advisable to limit the consumption of acidic, pungent, salty and sugary foods that may aggravate dry mouth. If any of the side effects of the medication you are taking are mouth dryness, its dose will be reduced or it will be replaced if it is possible. The treatment of the dry mouth depends on its factors. Stress, medication, age, for each cause its solution. Your doctor may prescribe saliva substitutes in the form of spay that you should use 1 or 2 times a day. Chewing sugar-free candies or chewing gums help stimulate saliva secretion.
A drug based on anetholtrithione may sometimes be proposed. Finally, maintain a good oral hygiene to avoid the complications related to dry mouth, because in the absence of the protective effect of saliva, the mouth is more susceptible to infections, caries and gingivitis, it is necessary to brush your teeth after each meal and floss once a day.